The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien


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Welcome to The Encyclopedia of Arda

The Encyclopedia of Arda is a personal project - a tribute to and a celebration of the works of J.R.R. Tolkien. The site is evolving into an illustrated hypertext encyclopedia of Tolkien's realms and peoples. It already contains about four thousand entries, and we're constantly adding new entries and expanding existing ones.

Inside the encyclopedia

The Encyclopedia of Arda contains thousands of articles covering topics from J.R.R. Tolkien's world, some brief, some lengthy and some containing detailed essays and discussions.

You'll also find a selection of interactive tools, including a chronicle to help you explore Tolkien's fictional history, and calendar to translate dates and events, a lexicon of names, a glossary of old and rare words, and much more.

Context and approach

The content of the Encyclopedia is written in the same context as Tolkien himself used; he presented himself simply as a translator, rather than originator of the tales. Hence, we try to describe his world from a 'historical' rather than a literary perspective, though sometimes it's useful to explore ideas in their wider context. Where relevant, therefore, you'll also find a few references to Tolkien's life or opinions, or to real historical or mythological parallels to events in his universe.

About the name Arda

Arda was the name given by the Elves to their World and all it contained, and so 'Encyclopedia of Arda' seemed a peculiarly apt title for this project.

Special thanks

Thanks to all those who've e-mailed us over the years with their suggestions, corrections, ideas and just general support.

But the real Special Thanks, though, belong to the memory of J.R.R. Tolkien for his extraordinary and unparalleled creation.

For acknowledgements and references, see the Disclaimer & Bibliography page.

Original content © copyright Mark Fisher 1997-2020. All rights reserved. For conditions of reuse, see the Site FAQ.

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Featured Entry


The slayer of Scatha the Worm

Frumgar was the Lord of the Éothéod who led his people north through the Vales of Anduin to settle in the lands at its sources, and as his son, Fram was therefore likely to have taken part in that great migration. On Frumgar's death, Fram was made Lord in his place, and went on to become one of his people's greatest leaders: the chief township of the Éothéod, at the meeting of the rivers Greylin and Langwell, bore his name: Framsburg.

Fram's most famous feat was his defeat of the Long-worm Scatha of the Grey Mountains, and the recovery of that Dragon's great hoard. The hoard was claimed by the Dwarves of Ered Mithrin, from whom much of it had been stolen, but Fram refused them. Instead he mockingly sent them a necklace made from the Dragon's teeth. The death of Fram is not recounted in detail, but some accounts suggest that he was slain by the Dwarves for this insulting act.

The Encyclopedia of Arda
The Encyclopedia of Arda