The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
Location
Known to have grown in Ithilien
Species
Probably Quercus ilex
Pronunciation
'Holm' is pronounced like the English word 'home'
Meaning
'Holm' is a corruption of 'hollin', from the Old English for 'holly'1
Other names

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  • Updated 13 January 2020
  • This entry is complete

Holm-oaks

An evergreen type of oak common in lands with warm climates. Sometimes known as 'ilexes' or 'holly-oaks', holm-oaks can grow to a large size and develop widely-spreading boughs. In Middle-earth, holm-oaks were found growing in the southern land of Ithilien, and indeed Frodo, Sam and Gollum sheltered for a night among the branches of such a tree as they made their way through that country.


Notes

1

The holm-oak is a true oak, but an evergreen variety growing in warmer climes, with leaves that are tougher and narrower than those of a typical oak and red-shaded acorns. It thus looks somewhat like a holly tree (to which it is unrelated) and so it acquired the name 'holm-oak' or 'holly-oak'. The 'holm' element of its name evolved from a old word 'hollin' for 'holly', and 'Hollin' was also the Mannish name for the land of Eregion. This is not a coincidence: that land was also named for the holly trees which grew there.

See also...

Ilexes

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About this entry:

  • Updated 13 January 2020
  • This entry is complete

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