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Númenor was founded II 32, and destroyed in the Downfall II 3319
The inner, central regions of the island of Númenor
Siril and Nunduinë, the two major rivers of Númenor, both rose within the Mittalmar
Important peaks
The Meneltarma, or Pillar of Heaven, stood near the centre of this region
meetta'lmarr ('rr' indicates that the final r sound should be pronounced)
Other names


About this entry:

  • Updated 23 May 2022
  • This entry is complete


The central lands of Númenor

Map of the Mittalmar
Mittalmar, the Inlands of Númenor (slightly conjectural)2
Mittalmar, the Inlands of Númenor (slightly conjectural)2

Regions of Númenor

A pastoral region of grassland and pasture that lay in the central parts of the island of Númenor. The borders of the Mittalmar formed a roughly oval region, two hundred and fifty miles west to east, and one hundred and seventy north to south. Near its centre rose a single tall mountain, the famous Meneltarma, the Pillar of Heaven. The two main rivers of Númenor had their springs in this region, the Nunduinë that flowed westward, and the Siril that flowed south.

The eastern part of the Mittalmar was the most important region on the whole island. This was Arandor, the Kingsland, where the royal city of Armenelos stood, as well as the bustling eastern port of Rómenna. A road ran between these two cities, and carried on westward across the Mittalmar and into the western parts of the island.



The name Mittalmar is conventionally translated as the 'Inlands' of Númenor, but the derivation of the name is not fully understood. It seems to contain mitta ('within', 'between') and probably also mar ('home', 'dwelling-place'), so a more literal translation would be something like 'inner homeland'. The name was conceivably influenced by talmar, 'roots', due to the presence in this region of the Tarmasundar, five ridges that formed the Roots of the Pillar of Heaven.


The geography shown here largely follows the canonical map of Númenor, with a single exception: the city of Ondosto is not shown on that map. Given the relevant textual descriptions, Ondosto must have stood close to the point shown here, but may not have been at that precise location.


About this entry:

  • Updated 23 May 2022
  • This entry is complete

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